Z-Score is a statistical measurement of your results relationship to the population mean or average. A Z-score can be positive or negative, indicating whether it is above or below the population mean.
About 95% of the population have results that fit within the Reference Range. This reference range translates to z-scores that span a range of minus 2 through to plus 2. We use these Zscores to be able to visualise the results in a meaningful and comparative way.
There are links within your results that take you to further information. This information is being updated regularly.
All links are in blue. Metal name links take you to the substance profile on Toxno. You can also see other people's results by clicking on compare.
Additional information includes your actual result expressed as mg of the metal per kg of your hair, the reference range used to calculate the zscores, the date and lab job number and client sample details. LOD stands for "Limit of Detection"
Some of these substances are also essential human nutrients. There is a complex interplay of toxic heavy metals and essential minerals in the body. It is very important to have optimal mineral intake (magnesium, calcium, zinc etc) from the diet, especially if results indicate persistent exposure to the toxic heavy metals.
Heavy metals compete at the molecular and cellular level with nutrient minerals.
It is paramount to find the source of the heavy metal exposure and stop the exposure. Only then is it both feasible and safe to consider detoxifying.